China is the original home of tea production while its origin area DongTing mountain in Jiangsu province is the birthplace of Bi Luo Chun Green Tea.
Bi Luo Chun tea trees are commonly grown in high mountains in Jiangsu province where the mountainous areas with altitudes of 800 – 1,500 m are the ideal homeland for Bi Luo Chun teas. On average, the annual precipitation here is 1,500 – 2,000 mm and the annual average temperature is 16 – 23 ℃.
In 1964, a larger number of wild Bi Luo Chun tea trees have been found origin area DongTing mountain in Jiangsu province. The biggest one is 9.96 m high with a trunk diameter of 25 cm, its dense canopy has 6.38 m wide and the leaves of this tree reach up to 13.3 cm long and 4.7 cm wide.
Located in mountainous area with elevations ranging from 500 – 1,200 m, Yaming Bi Luo Chun tea garden covers a total area of 1,000 mu.
Bi Luo Chun tea garden is surrounded by woods and often shrouded in clouds and mist in the morning and at night. These advantageous natural conditions can help prevent the majority of harmful effects of UV rays to the growth of tea plants and obviously increase the contents of amino acid and chlorophyll accumulated in tea buds and leaves.
To ensure tea quality, chemical fertilizers and pesticides are strictly forbidden to use in this garden, except for the sheep and cattle manure. Based on this theory, Yaming tea garden was authorized to label its products as USDA Organic in 2015.
Tea Tree species
In Asia, it is said that Bi Luo Chun tea tree is the only one versatile variety whose leaves are suitable for making all the six basic teas (green, white, black, yellow, oolong and pu-erh).
Bi Luo Chun tea tree belongs to large-leaf species. The leaves of this species are very elastic, tender and yellowish green and give off a natural fresh scent. Bi Luo Chun tea is rich in poly phenol, amino acid, pectin. One test shows that the contents of amino acid, poly phenol, caffeine and catechinic acid in spring Bi Luo Chun tea (one bud with two leaves) account for 3.36%, 35.6%, 4.91% and 182.92 mg/g respectively.
In general, Bi Luo Chun black tea (The black tea made of the leaves picked from Bi Luo Chun tea tree) has a pleasant natural fragrance while the finished Bi Luo Chun green tea has a typical mellow taste and Chinese chestnut fragrance.
Bi Luo Chun tea originated in the area around the eastern peak of Dong Ting mountain in Jiangsu. In Chinese the name Bi Luo Chun means green snail Spring, in reference to its tight rolled up appearance resembling a snail and the fact that it is picked in Spring. It was given this name during the Qing Dynasty by the then emperor, Kang Xi, who very much favoured the tea, but – perhaps with some reason – was not really enamoured with its original name of “Xia sha ren xiang”, which roughly means “scare you to death fragrance”.
During the 1890’s it was ranked first amongst Chinese green teas, and since that time has always been ranked in the top three. For many years it was only grown in the area around Mt. Dong Ting, but has recently also been produced in Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces. However the best Bi Luo Chun continues to be produced in the original mountain area of Dong Ting, which is where we visited before deciding on which tea to offer to you.